100 COMMON BIOCHEMISTRY ABBREVIATIONS

The following are 100 common biochemistry abbreviations and their meaning, given that Biochemistry is a complex field with many abbreviations used to represent various molecules, processes, and concepts:

 

1. DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid

2. RNA - Ribonucleic Acid

3. ATP - Adenosine Triphosphate

4. NAD+ - Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide

5. NADH - Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (reduced form)

6. FAD - Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide

7. FADH2 - Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide (reduced form)

8. AMP - Adenosine Monophosphate

9. GTP - Guanosine Triphosphate

10. GDP - Guanosine Diphosphate

11. cAMP - Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate

12. tRNA - Transfer RNA

13. mRNA - Messenger RNA

14. rRNA - Ribosomal RNA

15. tRNA - Transfer RNA

16. DNAase - Deoxyribonuclease

17. RNAase - Ribonuclease

18. PCR - Polymerase Chain Reaction

19. EDTA - Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid

20. SDS - Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate

21. PBS - Phosphate-Buffered Saline

22. BSA - Bovine Serum Albumin

23. HPLC - High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

24. UV - Ultraviolet

25. IR - Infrared

26. MS - Mass Spectrometry

27. NMR - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

28. GC - Gas Chromatography

29. TLC - Thin-Layer Chromatography

30. HPLC - High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

31. RFLP - Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism

32. PCR - Polymerase Chain Reaction

33. CRISPR - Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats

34. Cas9 - CRISPR-associated protein 9

35. DNAse I - Deoxyribonuclease I

36. RNAse A - Ribonuclease A

37. RT-PCR - Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction

38. Western Blot - Immunoblotting

39. ELISA - Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

40. DNA ligase - DNA Ligase

41. DNA polymerase - DNA Polymerase

42. RNA polymerase - RNA Polymerase

43. GFP - Green Fluorescent Protein

44. FRET - Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer

45. NTP - Nucleoside Triphosphate

46. PEP - Phosphoenolpyruvate

47. PFK - Phosphofructokinase

48. PKA - Protein Kinase A

49. PKC - Protein Kinase C

50. GPCR - G Protein-Coupled Receptor

51. IP3 - Inositol Trisphosphate

52. DAG - Diacylglycerol

53. cGMP - Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate

54. cAMP - Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate

55. 2,3-BPG - 2,3-Bisphosphoglycerate

56. AMPK - AMP-Activated Protein Kinase

57. JNK - c-Jun N-terminal Kinase

58. MAPK - Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase

59. PIP2 - Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate

60. PIP3 - Phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate

61. G6P - Glucose 6-Phosphate

62. PEPCK - Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase

63. ATPase - Adenosine Triphosphatase

64. ADP - Adenosine Diphosphate

65. AMP - Adenosine Monophosphate

66. HK - Hexokinase

67. LDH - Lactate Dehydrogenase

68. SDH - Succinate Dehydrogenase

69. TCA - Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle

70. CoA - Coenzyme A

71. NADP+ - Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate

72. NADPH - Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (reduced form)

73. GSH - Glutathione

74. ROS - Reactive Oxygen Species

75. NO - Nitric Oxide

76. NOS - Nitric Oxide Synthase

77. LDL - Low-Density Lipoprotein

78. HDL - High-Density Lipoprotein

79. VLDL - Very Low-Density Lipoprotein

80. mRNA - Messenger RNA

81. tRNA - Transfer RNA

82. rRNA - Ribosomal RNA

83. snRNA - Small Nuclear RNA

84. siRNA - Small Interfering RNA

85. miRNA - MicroRNA

86. lncRNA - Long Non-Coding RNA

87. PTC - Polypeptide Chain Termination

88. RBS - Ribosome Binding Site

89. ORF - Open Reading Frame

90. UTR - Untranslated Region

91. Start codon - AUG

92. Stop codon - UAA, UAG, UGA

93. IRES - Internal Ribosome Entry Site

94. CRP - C-reactive Protein

95. IgG - Immunoglobulin G

96. IgM - Immunoglobulin M

97. IgA - Immunoglobulin A

98. IgE - Immunoglobulin E

99. IgD - Immunoglobulin D

100. MHC - Major Histocompatibility Complex

 

These are just a few of the many abbreviations used in the field of biochemistry. The list can be much longer and may vary depending on specific subfields and research areas within biochemistry.

 

More of these abbreviations will be given in subsequent posts.

 

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